What is a photovoltaic farm?
Photovoltaic farms are solar power plants that convert solar radiation energy into heat or electricity. They can be both in the micro scale, e.g., panels on the roofs of buildings, and in the macro scale, occupying several thousand hectares. In the domestic environment, most farms have an area of up to several hectares.
The negative impact of solar power plants on the natural environment may be potentially small and is mainly caused by the occupation, transformation and exclusion from use of the land on which the investment is planned. The scale and significance of these negative impacts depends on the size and location of the power plant. If the investment is properly located, it may be marginal and irrelevant for the functioning of local plant and animal populations. On the other hand, the benefits of investments, not only financial ones, are fundamental. First of all, they rely on zero emissions during their operation. Photovoltaic farms produce clean energy, making a significant contribution to reducing greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution.